A tube that is inserted through the nose, down the throat and esophagus, and into the stomach. It can be used to give drugs, liquids, and liquid food, or used to remove substances from the stomach. Giving food through an NG tube is a type of enteral nutrition. Also called gastric feeding tube and nasogastric tube.
What is an nasogastric tube used for?
A nasogastric tube (NG tube) is a special tube that carries food and medicine to the stomach through the nose. It can be used for all feedings or for giving a person extra calories. You’ll learn to take good care of the tubing and the skin around the nostrils so that the skin doesn’t get irritated.
When are nasogastric tubes used?
Why Are NG Tubes Used?
- Administering nutrients or medication1.
- Removing liquids or air from the stomach.
- Adding contrast to the stomach for X-rays.
- Protecting the bowel after surgery or during bowel rest.
Who needs nasogastric tubes?
If you can’t eat or swallow, you may need to have a nasogastric tube inserted. This process is known as nasogastric (NG) intubation. During NG intubation, your doctor or nurse will insert a thin plastic tube through your nostril, down your esophagus, and into your stomach.
Why do doctors put a tube in your nose?
Nasogastric intubation can be used to obtain a sample of stomach fluid. The tube is passed through the nose rather than through the mouth, primarily because the tube can be more easily guided to the esophagus (the hollow tube that leads from the throat to the stomach).
How long can an NG feeding tube stay in?
The use of a nasogastric tube is suitable for enteral feeding for up to six weeks. Polyurethane or silicone feeding tubes are unaffected by gastric acid and can therefore remain in the stomach for a longer period than PVC tubes, which can only be used for up to two weeks.
Why do babies need tubes?
Generally, a child will be given an NGT so that specially prepared liquid food or fluids can be passed down the tube. The reasons your child might need an NGT for feeding include: problems with sucking and swallowing. dehydration from vomiting/diarrhoea and not drinking enough.
Is a nasogastric tube painful?
Nasogastric tube (NGT) insertion is often painful for patients of all ages. Randomized clinical trials in adult patients support the use of some form of topical lidocaine in reducing pain associated with NGT insertion.
What can be eaten through NG tube?
A tube inserted into the gut either through the nose or mouth ensures the administration of liquid feeds. Blended foods that can be given through the PEG tube are:
- Vegetable Khichdi.
- Mix Flour Poridges.
- Thick Milkshakes.
- Rawa/rice kheer.
- Dry Fruit Lassi.
- Tender Coconut Drink.
How do you uncompress your stomach with an NG tube?
Insert the tube into an unobstructed nostril and slowly advance until at predetermined length. Check tube placement before evacuation by air insufflation into the stomach with a large syringe. Attach suction or a large syringe and evacuate the stomach.
What are 3 complications of caring for the person with a nasogastric tube?
common complications include sinusitis, sore throat and epistaxis. more serious complications include luminal perforation, pulmonary injury, aspiration, and intracranial placement.
Can NG tube cause coughing?
Problems that occur when putting in the NG tube include choking, coughing, trouble breathing and turning pale. Problems that occur during feeding can include vomiting and stomach bloating.
Can nasogastric tube cause damage?
Nasogastric Tube Complications When placed incorrectly, tubes may puncture your child’s esophageal tissue, make a hole, and cause damage. Placing the tube into the lung instead of the stomach can be life-threatening.